Animal Species:Blue Grenadier, Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871)
The Blue Grenadier is a benthic species in temperate marine waters of Australia and New Zealand. Juveniles are found inshore, while adults are found in continental slope waters.
Standard Common Name
The Blue Grenadier has also been called the Blue Hake, Hoki and New Zealand Whip-tail.
The Blue Grenadier is an elongate, compressed fish that tapers to a point. The second dorsal, anal and caudal fins are all joined. It has a large mouth and tiny deciduous scales.
The species is silvery with a purplish or bluish-green tinge above. The fins of live fish are dark blue.
It grows to about 1.1 m in length and a weight of about 6 kg.
The species occurs in temperate marine waters of Australia and New Zealand. In Australia it is known from off central New South Wales to south-eastern Western Australia.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
The Blue Grenadier is a benthic species that is found inshore as juveniles and in continental slope waters at depths from 450 m to 800 m as adults.
The Blue Grenadier is a commercially important species.
- Gomon, M.F. in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
- Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & R.D. Ward. 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook, an identification guide to domestic species. CSIRO Marine Research. Pp. 461.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Tags fishes, ichthyology, Blue Grenadier, Macruronus novaezelandiae, Merlucciidae, benthic, temperate water, marine, continental slope, Blue Hake, Hoki, New Zealand Whip-tail, elongate, tapers, large mouth, > 1m,