Animal Species:Blacktail Snapper, Lutjanus fulvus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
The Blacktail Snapper occurs in tropical marine waters, inhabiting inshore coral reefs and lagoons. It prefers areas with deep holes and rocks. At night it feeds on benthic crustaceans and fishes such as mullets, goatfishes and damselfishes.
The Blacktail Snapper has a white-yellow body and a black caudal fin. The front of the dorsal fin is yellow and the soft portion is black. The pectoral, pelvic and anal fins are yellow.
The species grows to 40 cm in length.
It occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Sea, north to Japan, south to Australia and east to the Tuamoto Islands. It has been introduced in the Hawaiian Islands.
In Australia it is known from the north-western coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south to southern New South Wales.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
The Blacktail Snapper inhabits inshore coral reefs and lagoons. It may also enter mangrove areas and the lower reaches of rivers. It prefers areas with deep holes and rocks. It occurs at depths from 1 m to about 75 m.
Feeding and Diet
The Blacktail Snapper feeds at night on benthic crustaceans and fishes such as mullets, goatfishes and damselfishes.
- Allen, G.R. & Talbot, F.H. 1985. Review of the snappers of the genus Lutjanus (Pisces: Lutjanidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with the description of a new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 11: 1-87.
- Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 220.
- Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Coral Graphics. Pp. 330.
- Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 251.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology