Animal Species:Blacklip Abalone

The Blacklip Abalone is an important species targeted by the commercial fishing industry.

Blacklip Abalone Haliotis rubra

Dr Isobel Bennett © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Blacklip Abalone

Alternative Name/s

Sea Ear, Black-lip

Identification

The Blacklip Abalone has a distinctive dark band along the edge of its shell but the shell is often covered in algae and plants making the abalone difficult to find.

Size range

20 cm

Distribution

Blacklip Abalones are found in Northern New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania.

Habitat

Blacklip Abalone live on intertidal rocky shores, and in coastal waters and oceans.

Other behaviours and adaptations

The Blacklip Abalone is usually seen aggregating from the low-tide mark to depths of 25 m along the southern waters of Australia, preferring to feed at night. Holes at the top of the shell are used for breathing. Water is drawn in the front of the shell, passed over the gills where oxygen is extracted, and then pumped out of the holes at the top.

The large shell is very beautiful and pearly inside, and is often used in jewellry.

 

Management

Abalone species are protected in Sydney's marine reserve areas, but elsewhere the maximum bag limit is 10 and minimum size limit 11.5 cm.

Classification

Species:
rubra
Genus:
Haliotis
Family:
Haliotidae
Order:
Archeogastropoda
Class:
Gastropoda
Phylum:
Mollusca
Kingdom:
Animalia

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Tags black-lip, gastropoda, snails, invertebrates, wildlife of sydney, ide, molluscs, mollusca,