Animal Species:Black-spotted Porcupinefish, Diodon hystrix Linnaeus, 1758

The Black-spotted Porcupinefish is a tropical species that has black spots on the head, body and fins. It is usually found on coral and rocky reefs.

Standard Common Name

Black-spotted Porcupinefish

Identification

The Black-spotted Porcupinefish has stout spines on the head and body. It is greenish to grey-brown above and paler below. The head, body and fins are covered with fine black spots

The spines on the body are erectile (as opposed to those of Allomycterus and Chilomycterus)

Size range

The species grows to at least 70 cm in length.

Distribution

It occurs in tropical marine waters worldwide.

In Australia it is known from off north-western Western Australia and the northern Great Barrier Reef to northern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Diodon hystrix

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Black-spotted Porcupinefish specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The species is usually found on coral and rocky reefs.

Classification

Species:
hystrix
Genus:
Diodon
Family:
Diodontidae
Order:
Tetraodontiformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Coral Graphics. Pp. 330.
  3. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fish, ichthyology, Black-spotted Porcupinefish, Diodon hystrix, coral, rocky, reefs, brown, beige, grey, white, black, odd-shaped, 30 cm - 1 m, dots/spots, rocky reef, coral reef, marine, adult,