Animal Species:Black-faced Monarch
Like other monarchs and flycatchers, the Black-faced Monarch has bristles around its bill to help it catch insects.
The Black-faced Monarch has a distinctive black face that does not extend across the eyes, grey upperparts, wings and upper breast, contrasting with a rufous (red-orange) belly. The dark eye has a thin black eye ring and a lighter area of pale grey around it. The blue-grey bill has a hooked tip. Young birds are similar but lack the black face, have a black bill and tend to have a brownish body and wings. The Black-faced Monarch is one of the monarch flycatchers, a forest and woodland-dwelling group of small insect-eating birds, and is strictly arboreal (found in trees).
16 cm to 19 cm
Black-winged Monarch, Spectacled Monarch
The Black-faced Monarch is found along the coast of eastern Australia, becoming less common further south.
The Black-faced Monarch is found in rainforests, eucalypt woodlands, coastal scrub and damp gullies. It may be found in more open woodland when migrating.
Resident in the north of its range, but is a summer breeding migrant to coastal south-eastern Australia, arriving in September and returning northwards in March. It may also migrate to Papua New Guinea in autumn and winter.
Feeding and Diet
The Black-faced Monarch forages for insects among foliage, or catches flying insects on the wing.
Clear whistled 'why-you-whichye-oo'; also creaks, chatters and scolds.
Mating and reproduction
The Black-faced Monarch builds a deep cup nest of casuarina needles, bark, roots, moss and spider web in the fork of a tree, about 3 m to 6 m above the ground. Only the female builds the nest, but both sexes incubate the eggs and feed the young.
- Breeding season: October to January
- Clutch size: Two to three