Animal Species:Black Snoek, Thyrsitoides marleyi Fowler, 1929

The Black Snoek belongs to the family of fishes that includes Escolars, Gemfishes and Snake Mackerels.

A Black Snoek caught off Ballina, New South Wales.

Ian Cameron © Ian Cameron

Standard Common Name

Black Snoek

Identification

The Black Snoek has a very elongate, compressed body. It has a large mouth with huge fang-like teeth at the front of the upper jaw. There are cartilaginous processes at the front of both jaws. This species has well developed pelvic fins and a caudal peduncle that lacks keels. There are two lateral lines - one high on the back and the other on the mid-side of the body.

Size range

Grows to approximatley 1.8 m in length.

Distribution

Tropical and temperate waters of the Indo-West Pacific down to depths of 400 m or greater. In Australia it is known from off southern to central Western Australia and northern to southern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Thyrsitoides marleyi

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Black Snoek specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The Black Snoek is a pelagic, schooling species.

Classification

Species:
marleyi
Genus:
Thyrsitoides
Family:
Gempylidae
Order:
Perciformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

Further Reading

  1. Nakamura, I. & N.V. Parin. 2001 Gempylidae. Snake mackerels. in Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem (Eds). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 6. Bony Fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles, sea turtles, sea snakes and marine mammals. FAO, Rome. Pp. iii-v, 3381-4218.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags brown, red, long and skinny, > 2 m, blotches/mottled, pelagic, marine, adult,