Black Sicklebill

Birds of Paradise

Black Sicklebill

Silke Raetze © Silke Raetze

Common name

Black Sicklebill

Scientific name

Epimachus fastuosus

Etymology

Epimachus (Greek, equipped to fight; i.e. allusion to sword-like bill); fastuosus (Latin, proud, haughty).

Description

Sexually dimorphic. Adult male, 110 cm including central tail feathers; female, 55 cm. Male with head black with greenish blue and purple sheens, upperparts velvet black with purple iridescence with large central back feathers iridescent metallic blue-green, underparts blackish on breast, becoming more brownish towards tail, elongated pectoral and flank plumes black with broad iridescent tips and central tail feathers metallic blue-purple. Female lacks iridescence, upperparts shades of brown, underparts buff with dark brown barring.

Diet

Fruits and animals, including insects and vertebrates.

Habitat

Lower elevation of mid montane forest, occasionally forest edges; 1280-2550 m, mainly 1800-2150m.

Courtship

Polygynous. Solitary promiscuous males recorded singing and displaying from traditional perches during September, October and February-April. Males assume static posture then flex legs while swaying with pectoral, flank and tail plumes erect.

Breeding

Breeding has been recorded at least November-February. Females build and attend to the nest alone. Eggs, incubation, nestling and development information unknown. Known to hybridise with Arfak Astrapia, Long-tailed Paradigalla and Superb Bird of Paradise.

Status and conservation

Vulnerable; low density and apparently declining owing to exploitation.

Distribution

New Guinea: mountains of west and centre, including Bird’s Head and Wandammen Peninsulas, central cordillera from Weyland Mountains east to Kratke Range, Mount Bosavi, Bewani and Torricelli Ranges of north coast.
 


Michael Hugill , Online Producer (Content Strategy & Social Media)
Last Updated: