Animal Species:Birdwire Rockcod, Epinephelus merra Bloch, 1793

The Birdwire Rockcod is pale with round to hexagonal brown spots on the head, body and fins. It occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific.

Birdwire Rockcod at Tijou Reef

Erik Schlögl © Erik Schlögl

Standard Common Name

Birdwire Rockcod

Alternative Name/s

Black-spotted Rock-cod, Dwarf Spotted Rockcod, Dwarf Spotter Grouper, Honeycomb Cod, Honeycomb Grouper, Wire-netting Cod, Wire-netting Rock-cod

Identification

The Birdwire Rockcod is pale with round to hexagonal brown spots on the head, body and fins. Some of the spots on the side of the body are joined to form short irregular bands.

Size range

The species grows to 28 cm in length.

Distribution

It occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific. In Australia it is known from the western coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south to the central coast of New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Epinephelus merra

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Birdwire Rockcod specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?

Classification

Species:
merra
Genus:
Epinephelus
Family:
Serranidae
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  5. Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Coral Graphics. Pp. 330.
  6. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Birdwire Rockcod, Epinephelus merra, Serranidae, brown, white, black, normal fish, 10 cm to 30 cm, dots, spots, coral reef, marine, adult, Black-spotted Rock-cod, Dwarf Spotted Rockcod, Dwarf Spotter Grouper, Honeycomb Cod, Honeycomb Grouper, Wire-netting Cod, Wire-netting Rock-cod, tropical water,