Animal Species:Bearded Leatherjacket, Anacanthus barbatus Gray, 1830

At first glance, you would be forgiven for thinking that this species was a not a Leatherjacket. Its elongate, compressed head and body combined with the 'beard' on its lower jaw give it a most un-leatherjacket-like appearance.

Standard Common Name

Bearded Leatherjacket

Alternative Name/s

Jumping Leatherjacket, Ribbon Leatherjacket.

Identification

The Bearded Leatherjacket can be recognised by its elongate, compressed head and body. The mouth opens on the upper side of the very long snout. There is a barbel on the lower jaw. The dorsal and anal fins are long-based.

Size range

It grows to 35 cm in length.

Distribution

It is known from the Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific.

In Australia it is found from south-western Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south to the central coast of New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Anacanthus barbatus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Bearded Leatherjacket specimens in the Australian Museum.

What does this mean?

Habitat

The species occurs primarily in inshore tropical waters, often over sandy substrates amongst seaweed and seawhips.

Classification

Species:
barbatus
Genus:
Anacanthus
Family:
Monacanthidae
Order:
Tetraodontiformes
Class:
Actinopterygii
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Phylum:
Chordata
Kingdom:
Animalia

What does this mean?

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Allen, G.R. & R. Swainston. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 201.
  3. Hutchins, J.B., 2001 Monacanthidae. Filefishes (leatherjackets). in Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem (Eds). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 6. Bony Fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles, sea turtles, sea snakes and marine mammals. FAO, Rome. Pp. iii-v, 3381-4218.


Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology', ichthyology, Monacanthidae, Bearded Leatherjacket, Anacanthus barbatus, marine, long and skinny, 30 cm - 1 m, brown, white,